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A Continent of Villages, to 1500

 

Settling the Continent

   Who are the Indian People?

   Migration from Asia

   Clovis: The first American Technology

The Beginning of Regional Cultures

  Hunting Traditions of the Plains and Forests

   Desert Culture in Western America

History and the Land

  The Regions of Native North America

   Forest Efficiency

The Development of Farming

  Mexico

   The Resisted Revolution

   Increasing Social Complexity

   The Religions of Foragers and Farmers

   Earliest Farmers of the Southwest

The Anasazis

  Farmers of the Eastern Woodlands

   Mississippian Society

   The Politics of Warfare and Violence

North America on the Eve of Colonization

  The Indian Population of America

   The Southwest

   The South

   The Northeast

 

 

Images

 

         
         
         

 

Maps

         
         

 

 

 

Vocabulary

Cahokia

Beringia

Pleistocene

Clovis

Teotihuacan

Archaic

Archaeological

Neolithic

Mayan

Hohokam

Anasazis

Athapascans

Navajo

Maize

Hopi

Cheyenne

Mohawk

Cherokee

Pawnee

Bison

 

 

Review Questions

 

  1. List the evidence for the hypothesis that the Americas were settled by migrants from Asia.

  2. Discuss the impact of environmental change and human hunting on the big-game populations of North America.

  3. Review the principal regions of the North American continent and the human adaptations that made social life possible in each of them.

  4. Why did the development of farming lead to increasing social complexity? Discuss the reasons why organized political activity began in farming societies.

  5. What were the Hunting and Agrarian Traditions? In what ways did the religious beliefs of Indian peoples reflect their environmental adaptations?

  6. What factors led to the organization of the Iroquois Confederacy?

  7.  

    Recommended Readings

     

    Tom D. Dillehay and David J. Milzer, eds., The First Americans: Search and research (1991).

    Thomas E. Emerson, Cahokia and the Archaeology of Power (1997).

    Brian M. Fagan, The Great Journey: The Peopling of Ancient America (1987).

    Stuart J. Fiedel, Prehistory of the Americas (1987).

    Alvin M. Josephy Jr., ed., America in 1492 (1992).

    Alice B. Kehoe, North American Indians: A Comprehensive Account (1992).

    Robert Siverberg, Mound Builders of Ancient America: The Archaeology of a Myth (1968).

    William C. Sturtevant, general editor, Handbook of North American Indians, 20 vols. (1978 -).

    Russell Thornton, American Indian Holocaust and Survival: A Population History since 1492 (1987).

     

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