Make your own free website on


From Empire to Independence, 1750 - 1776


The Seven Years War in America

       The Albany Conference of 1754

        Colonial Aims and Indian Interests

        Frontier Warfare

        The Conquest of Canada

        Indians and Europeans Struggle Over the West

The Imperial Crisis in British North America

        The Emergence of American Nationalism

        Politics, Republicanism, and the Press

        The Sugar and Stamp Acts

        The Stamp Act Crisis

        Repeal of the Stamp Act

"Save Your Money and Save Your Country"

        The Townshed Revenue Acts

        Nonimportation: An Early Political Boycott

        The Massachusetts Circular Letter

        The Politics of Revolt and the Boston Massacre

From Resistance to Rebellion

        Intercolonial Cooperation

        The Boston Tea Party

        The Intolerable Acts

        The First Continental Congress

        Lexington and Concord

Deciding For Independence

        The Second Continental Congress

        Fighting in the North and South

        No Turning Back

        The Declaration of Independence







People and Events

The Seven Years War

The Albany Conference

William Pitt

Treaty of Paris - 1763



General Amherst

Paxton Boys

John Peter Zenger


James Otis

The Sugar Act

The Stamp Act

Thomas Paine

Townshend Acts

Richard Henry Lee

Boston Massacre

The Tea Act

Intolerable Acts

General Thomas Gage


Review Questions

  1. How did overwhelming British success in the Seven Years War lead to an imperial crisis in British North America?

  2. Outline the changes in British policy toward the colonies from 1750 - 1776.

  3. Trace the developing sense of an American national community over this same period.

  4. What were the principal events leading to the beginning of armed conflict at Lexington and concord?

  5. How were the ideals of American republicanism expressed in the Declaration Of Independence?


Recommended Readings

Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (1991).

Bernard Bailyn, The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution (1967).

Eric Foner, Tom Paine and Revolutionary America (1976).

Lawrence H. Gipson, British Empire before the American Revolution (1936 - 1949).

Robert A. Gross, The Minute Men and Their World (1976).

Francis Jennings, Empire of Fortune: Crowns, Colonies and Tribes in the Seven Years War in America (1988).

Pauline Maier, American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence (1997).

Richard L. Merritt, Symbols of American Community, 1735 - 1775 (1966).

Richard White, The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650 - 1815 (1991).