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Slavery and Empire, 1441 - 1770

 

The Beginnings of African Slavery

        Sugar and Slavery

        West Africans

The African Slave Trade

        The Demography of the Slave Trade

        Slavers of All Nations

        The Shock of Enslavement

        The Middle Passage

        Arrival in the New World

        Political and Economic Effects on Africa

The Development of North American Slave Societies

        Slavery Comes to North America

        The Tobacco Colonies

        The Lower South

        Slavery in the Spanish Colonies

        French Louisiana

        Slavery in the North

Becoming African American

        The Daily Life of Slaves

        Families and Communities

        African American Culture

        The Africanization of the South

        Violence and Resistance

Slavery and the Structure of Empire

        Slavery the Mainspring

        The Politics of Mercantilism

        Wars for Empire

        British Colonial Regulation

        The Colonial Economy

Slavery and Freedom

        The Social Structure of the Slave Colonies

        White Skin Privilege

 

Maps

 

 

Images

 

Vocabulary

Slavic

Madeira

Timbuktu

Polygyny

Panyaring

Barracoons

Dysentery

Overseer

Indigo

Mercantilism

Thaler

Cudjo

Quow

Coffee

Monopoly

 

People and Events

Olaudah Equian

Mansa Musa

Moors

John Hawkins

Middle Passage

King William's War

Queen Anne's War

War of Jenkins's Ear

King George's War

French and Indian War

Elizabeth Pinckney

James Oglethorpe

John Woolman

Jean Baptiste Colbert

Elite

 

Review Questions

  1. Trace the development of the system of slavery and discuss the way it became entrenched in the Americas.

  2. Describe the effects of the slave trade both on enslaved Africans and on the economic and political life of Africa.

  3. Describe the process of acculturation involved in becoming an African American. In what ways did slaves "Africanize" the South?

  4. Explain the connection between the institution of slavery and the building of a commercial empire.

  5. In what ways did colonial policy encourage the growth of racism?

 

Recommended Readings

Michael Craton, Sinews of Empire: A Short History of British Slavery (1974).

Philip D. Curtin, The African Slave Trade: A Census (1969).

Herbert G. Gutman, The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750 - 1925 (1976).

Winthrop D. Jordan, White over Black: American Attitudes toward the Negro, 1550 - 1812 (1968).

Peter Kolchin, American Slavery, 1619 - 1877 (1993).

Walter Rodney, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa (1974).

Mechal Sobel, The World They Made Together: Black and White Values in Eighteenth-Century Virginia (1987).

Ian K. Steele, Warpaths: Invasions of North America (1994).

Sterling Stuckey, Slave Culture: Nationalist Theory and the Foundations of Black America (1987).

Hugh Thomas, The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1440 - 1870 (1997).

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